Cavities and Tooth Decay

Cavities and Tooth DecayIf there is one periodontal condition that no one is safe from, it has to be cavities. No matter how old you are, if you don’t care for your oral hygiene, you will become a victim of cavities.

Most adults believe that since they are adults they are no longer at risk of cavities. That is not true. Cavities can attack your teeth at any age. If you are not careful with your oral hygiene and skip your dental appointments, cavities will be on your teeth like bees on a honey pot.

What are Cavities?

Let’s address the elephant in the room first – what exactly are cavities? Cavities are small holes that develop due to the destruction of the outer layer of your teeth. Cavities, or tooth decay, occurs due to poor oral hygiene.

You must have noticed that your teeth have a pale yellow and sticky film over it. That film is known as plaque. It is a deposit of food particles and sugars on your tooth enamel. The plaque on your teeth attracts bacteria. Plaque is food for bacteria. When these two combine together, they create an acid in your mouth that is harmful to your teeth. That acid has the ability to destroy your teeth and seep into the enamel to cause decay.

If you don’t take action and remove the plaque effectively, it continues to damage your teeth enamel. Over time, it weakens your teeth and breaks down the enamel.

If you don’t get the cavity filled by your dentist, the plaque and bacteria travel up to your gums. This exposes you to a number of gum diseases. The cavities can also extent to the root of your tooth and cause bone damage. The more these cavities invade, the higher the chances of you losing bone mass.

If the cavities are detected early, your dentist can fill up the hole using synthetic material to make sure the infection does not spread. However, the fillings are not permanent. As time passes, the fillings can weaken and fall out. This will give bacteria a chance to latch on to your teeth and leads to decay.

If that happens, your dentist will have to remove the decayed tooth altogether and fit you for a dental implant. Your dentist will also make sure that the skin around the infected tooth is healthy and free from gum diseases.

How to Avoid Cavities

The best offense is a good defense. Great oral hygiene will keep your teeth safe from cavities, tooth decay, and gum diseases.  The following tips will help you keep the cavities at bay:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
  • Floss your teeth regularly
  • Stay away from sugary snacks and carbonated drinks and eat healthy food
  • Visit your dentist a couple of times each year

For more information about cavities and tooth decay, give Paul Mansky Dental a call today! Paul Mansky Dental is located at 1155 East Long Lake Road Suite 8, Troy, MI 48085 and can be reached at (248) 689-5508.  We look forward to your call!