Essential Information about Tooth Trauma in Children
Tooth trauma occurs in about one in every four school-going children. Managing tooth trauma depends on the type of damage and age of the child. While all dentists can address tooth trauma in children, endodontists receive special training and are equipped to deal with dental injuries.
Here, you will learn about different types of tooth trauma and endodontic treatment.
Types of Tooth Trauma
A tooth can be luxated or dislodged due to an injury. The tooth can shift to a new direction, thereby requiring corrective surgery.
Moreover, the tooth can get completely knocked out. This condition is known as an avulsed tooth. The knocked out tooth can be reattached, though. However, you must take your child to see an endodontic specialist about half an hour after the injury, holding the crown and not the root of the affected tooth in your hands.
The tooth should be placed back into the socket after rinsing with your saliva. To prevent damage, the tooth should not be exposed to water. Also, do not clean the tooth with water as it will decrease the chances of its survival.
Experts recommend holding the tooth between the cheek and gums. Also, some experts recommend placing the tooth in liquid milk and taking it to the dentist. Do not let the tooth dry out as it may decrease the chances of recovery.
The third type of tooth trauma is tooth fracture, where the tooth may get fractured or split. Again, you should take your child to an endodontist soon after the injury.
A tooth with longitudinal cracks, known as craze lines or vertical crack, which doesn’t extend to the tooth base can cause serious risks to a person’s dental health. However, a cracked tooth that extends downward needs attention as it exposes the tooth pulp, resulting in pain and increases the risk of tooth loss. In this situation, a dentist may recommend root canal treatment or tooth extraction to avoid the risk of infection.
Treatment Options for Tooth Trauma
Treatment for dental trauma depends on the type of injury sustained. Common treatments include root canal therapy and crown placement.
A dentist will first examine the injured area using the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique or X-rays. They may reattach the tooth or fill the vacant space with a filling. Root canal therapy is carried out in case of severe tooth trauma. A crown cap may also be placed to strengthen the tooth.
In children, non-permanent teeth are not re-attached. This is because of the damage to the development of the permanent tooth. However, the frequent appointments may be necessary to prevent infection.
Do not ignore tooth trauma in your child. As bacteria thrives in the mouths of most children, any injury to their teeth can increase their chances of getting an infection. You should take your child immediately to a dentist for treatment to avoid the risk of a bacterial disease.